The UEFI bootloader that the Linux Foundation have been working on has just been released
. That means we now have two signed bootloaders available - this one and shim
Does this mean Linux distributions can now support Secure Boot?
They've actually been able to for a while. Ubuntu shipped with Secure Boot support last October, and Fedora shipped with Secure Boot support in January. Both used Shim rather than the Linux Foundation loader, and Shim's also being used by a variety of smaller distributions. The LF loader is a different solution to the same problem.
Is the Linux Foundation the preferred loader for distributions?
Probably not in most cases. One of the primary functional differences between Shim and the LF loader is that the LF loader is based around cryptographic hashes rather than signing keys. This means that the user has to explicitly add a hash to the list of permitted binaries whenever a distribution updates their bootloader or kernel. Doing that involves being physically present at the machine, so it's kind of a pain.
Why use it at all, then?
Being hash based means that you don't need to maintain any signing infrastructure. This means that distributions can support Secure Boot without having to change their build process at all. Shim already supports this use case (and some distributions are using it), but the LF loader has nicer UI for managing it.
Any other reasons?
Actually, yes. Shim implements Secure Boot loading in a less than entirely ideal way - it duplicates the firmware's entire binary loading, validation, relocation and execution code. This is necessary because the UEFI specification doesn't provide any mechanism for adding additional authentication mechanisms. The main downside of this is that the standard UEFI LoadImage() and StartImage() calls don't work under Shim. The LF loader hooks into the low-level security architecture and installs its own handlers, which means the standard UEFI interfaces work. The upshot is that you can use bootloaders like Gummiboot or efilinux without having to modify them to call out to Shim.
Why doesn't Shim do the same?
The UEFI architecture is slightly complicated. The UEFI specification itself defines the upper layers of the firmware, basically covering everything that UEFI applications and operating systems need. It doesn't define the lower layers of a UEFI implementation. Those are contained in the UEFI Platform Initialization spec, and that's what defines the security architecture interfaces that the LF loader hooks into. The problem is that it's completely valid to implement the UEFI specification without implementing the Platform Initialization specification, and if anyone does that then the LF loader will fail.
Can't you try both approaches?
Yes, and that's actually pretty much the plan now. I'm working on integrating the LF loader's UI and security code into Shim with the aim of producing one loader that'll satisfy the full set of use cases, and James is happy with this
Which should I use?
Depends. If you want to support gummiboot (and aren't willing to patch it to call out to Shim), you'll need to use the LF loader. If you want to use key-based signing setups to avoid forcing re-enrolment on updates, you'll need to use Shim. If you're somewhere in the middle, you can probably use either. Once we've got the code merged, you won't have to make a choice.