[personal profile] mjg59
I'm pleased to say that a usable version of shim is now available for download. As I discussed here, this is intended for distributions that want to support secure boot but don't want to deal with Microsoft. To use it, rename shim.efi to bootx64.efi and put it in /EFI/BOOT on your UEFI install media. Drop MokManager.efi in there as well. Finally, make sure your bootloader binary is called grubx64.efi and put it in the same directory.

Now generate a certificate and put the public half as a binary DER file somewhere on your install media. On boot, the end-user will be prompted with a 10-second countdown and a menu. Choose "Enroll key from disk" and then browse the filesystem to select the key and follow the enrolment prompts. Any bootloader signed with that key will then be trusted by shim, so you probably want to make sure that your grubx64.efi image is signed with it.

If you want, you're then free to impose any level of additional signing restrictions - it's entirely possible to use this signing as the basis of a complete chain of trust, including kernel lockdowns and signed module loading. However, since the end-user has explicitly indicated that they trust your code, you're under no obligation to do so. You should make it clear to your users what level of trust they'll be able to place in their system after installing your key, if only to allow them to make an informed decision about whether they want to or not.

This binary does not contain any built-in distribution certificates. It does contain a certificate that was generated at build time and used to sign MokManager - you'll need to accept my assurance that the private key was deleted immediately after the build was completed. Other than that, it will only trust any keys that are either present in the system db or installed by the end user.

A couple of final notes: As of 17:00 EST today, I am officially (rather than merely effectively) no longer employed by Red Hat, and this binary is being provided by me rather than them, so don't ask them questions about it. Special thanks to everyone at Suse who came up with the MOK concept and did most of the implementation work - without them, this would have been impossible. Thanks also to Peter Jones for his work on debugging and writing a signing tool, and everyone else at Red Hat who contributed valuable review feedback.

So Linux devs/users pay MS ...

Date: 2012-12-01 11:25 pm (UTC)
From: (Anonymous)
Basically then Linux developers (and end-users who want to use their own Certificates) basically are blackmailed into paying Microsoft $99 to use their operating system of choice on hardware they purchased in a more secure manner.

Work-arounds are all well and good, and many large kudos for this one, but something is seriously wrong with this picture and needs a rather large complaint filed with the FTC.

Re: So Linux devs/users pay MS ...

Date: 2012-12-02 02:53 am (UTC)
From: (Anonymous)
Why should I submit to Microsoft at all, or be forced to add unnecessary steps to my install procedure because of Microsoft?

Re: So Linux devs/users pay MS ...

Date: 2012-12-03 04:57 pm (UTC)
From: (Anonymous)
You don't have to. You can disable Secure Boot if you don't want to use it.

Re: So Linux devs/users pay MS ...

Date: 2012-12-02 10:15 pm (UTC)
From: (Anonymous)
You only need to pay Microsoft if the hardware you want to use only has Microsoft's key. There is nothing to stop others contacting the hardware manufacturer to get their keys added. It's just going to be cheaper and easier for them to piggy back on Microsoft's work.

You don't need to use secure boot at all on x86, you can just disable it. You don't then get the security benefit, but unless the shim is also checking the certificate of the next stage then you don't get the security benefit anyway. Matthew would have to setup his own signing service.


Matthew Garrett

About Matthew

Power management, mobile and firmware developer on Linux. Security developer at Google. Ex-biologist. @mjg59 on Twitter. Content here should not be interpreted as the opinion of my employer.

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